Chichewa

Chichewa Lesson14

Conversations 3

NA TENSE (Past Tense)

 

1. Did you sleep well?

Vocabulary
English Chichewa
(word introducing a question) Kodi
you mu
(past tense) na
sleep gona
well bwino
Yes Eee
I ndi
No Ayi
Not si

*It is possible to omit ’Kodi’ as the word introducing a question.

*In the past + negative tense, the end of the verb changes from ‘a’ to ‘e’. (ex. gona – gone, pita – pite)

John
John
(Kodi) munagona bwino?

Did you sleep well?

Emma
Emma
Eee, ndinagona bwino.

Yes, I slept well.

Emma
Emma
Ayi, sindinagone bwino.

No, I didn’t sleep well.

2. Did you go to work yesterday?

Vocabulary
English Chichewa
(word introducing a question) Kodi
you mu
(past tense) na
go pita
to ku
work ntchito
yesterday dzulo
Yes Eee
I ndi
No Ayi
Not si

John
John
(Kodi) munapitaku ntchito dzulo?

Did you go to work yesterday?

Emma
Emma
Eee, ndinapita ku ntchito dzulo.

Yes, I went to work yesterday.

Emma
Emma
Ayi, sindinapite ku ntchito dzulo.

No, I didn’t go to work yesterday.

3. Did you eat nsima yesterday?

Vocabulary
English Chichewa
(word introducing a question) Kodi
you mu
(past tense) na
eat dya
nsima (Malawi’s staple food) nsima
yesterday dzulo
Yes Eee
I ndi
No Ayi
Not si

John
John
(Kodi) munadya nsima dzulo?

Did you eat nsima yesterday?

Emma
Emma
Eee, ndinadya nsima dzulo.

Yes, I ate nsima yesterday.

Emma
Emma
Ayi, sindinadye nsima dzulo.

No, I didn’t eat nsima yesterday.

4. Did Steven come yesterday?

Vocabulary
English Chichewa
(word introducing a question) Kodi
he a
(past tense) na
come bwera
yesterday dzulo
Yes Eee
No Ayi
he didn’t sana (x.si-na)

John
John
(Kodi) Steven anabwera dzulo?

Did Steven come yesterday?

Emma
Emma
Eee, Steven anabwera dzulo.

Yes, Steven came yesterday.

Emma
Emma
Ayi, Steven sanabwere dzulo.

No, Steven didn’t come yesterday.

5. Did we buy bananas?

Vocabulary
English Chichewa
(word introducing a question) Kodi
we Ti
(past tense) na
buy gula
bananas nthochi
Yes Eee
No Ayi
not si

John
John
(Kodi) tinagula nthochi?

Did we buy bananas?

Emma
Emma
Eee, tinagula nthochi.

Yes, we bought bananas.

Emma
Emma
Ayi, sitinagule nthochi.

No, we didn’t buy bananas.

Next Lesson

Chichewa Lesson15Conversations 4 DZA TENSE (Future Tense) 1. Will you play footba...